3. The Hagiographical Dragon

Under construction.

 

Hagiographical Dragon Fights: List of Sources (ii-xvii AD)

(in alphabetical order of saint, then chronological order of text)

 

Saint and Dragon Date of Text Citation Text/edition Language Translation
anonymous monk and the (mechanical) Dragon of Rome v AD De promissionibus et praedictionibus Dei 3.43, col. 835 PL PL li, coll. 733-858 Latin DSS no. 140
anonymous saint and the Dragon of the Circle of Spittle earlier xiv AD Jean Gobi Scala coeli §13 Polo de Beaulieu 1991 Latin
Agilus of Resbach and the Dragon of Resbach xi-xii AD Vita S. Agili 6.31, p. 585 AASS AASS Aug. vi pp. 574-87; BHL no. 148 Latin
Amand of Mastricht [a] and the Dragon of the Isle of Ogia viii AD [Baudemond] Vita S. Amandi episcopi Traiectensi  1, p.849 AASS AASS Feb. vi, pp. 848-54; BHL no. 332 Latin
Amand [b] xii AD Philip of Harveng Vita S. Amandi pp.859-60 AASS AASS Feb. vi pp.857-73; BHL no. 334 Latin
Ammon and the Dragon of the Egyptian Desert c. 395 AD (Greek original);

c. AD 403/4 (Rufinus’ Latin trans.)

Historia Monachorum in Aegypto; Rufinus of Aquileia Historia Monachorum in Aegypto 8 Festugière 1971 (Greek original); PL xxi, 387-460 (Rufinus’ Latin trans.) Greek and Latin DSS no. 145 (based on Rufinus)
Andrew, apostle [a] and the Dragon of Thessalonica late vi AD Gregory of Tours Life of Andrew 19 Prieur 1989; MGH Scriptores i.2 pp. 371-97; BHL no. 430 Latin DSS no. 149
Andrew [b] late vi AD Ps.-Abdias Historia apostolica at pp.483-4 Fabricius Fabricius 1719:i, 402-742. Latin
Armel (Ermel, Armagilius) [a] and the Dragon of Rennes xii AD or later Vita S. Armagili ex veteri breviario Leonensi 4, pp.170-3 Ropartz Ropartz 1864:163-74; BHL no. 678 Latin
Armel [b] xiii AD Breviary of St Malo p.299 AASS AASS Aug. iii 298-9; BHL no. 679 Latin
Armel [c] AD 1514 Breviary of Rennes p.457 Duine Duine 1904-5 Latin
Armentarius (Hermentaire) of Antibes and the Dragon of Draguignan AD 1540 Jean de Nostredame Discours de la vie de Saint Hermentaire pp. 39-41 Gayrard Gayrard 2001:33-48 (orthography modernised) French
Arsacius (Arsace, Ursacius) of Nicomedia [a] and the Dragon of Nicomedia

 

earlier v AD Sozomen Ecclesiastical History 4.16 Bidez and Hansen 1960 Greek Hartranft 1890
Arsacius [b] AD 1493 Petrus de Natalibus Catalogus sanctorum et gestorum eorum 7.67 Petrus de Natalibus 1493; BHL no. 715b Latin
Artemon of Laodicea [a] and the Dragons of Asclepius in Caesarea x AD Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae, Synaxarium mensis Aprilis Day 12 §2 Delehaye 1902 Greek
Artemon [b] xii AD Analecta Hymnica Graeca canones Aprilis 13.18 Halkin and Festugière 1984; BHG no. 2047 Greek
Athenogenes and the Dragon of the Land of the Goths vi AD Passio Athengenis 5-7 Maraval 1990. BHG 197b Greek Maraval 1990 (French)
Beatus (Beat, Bienheuré, Bié) of Vendôme  and the Dragon of Vendôme x AD (?) Vita S. Beati p.366 AASS AASS Mai. ii, 363-6. BHL no. 1064 Latin
Benedict of Montecasino [a] and the dragon vision AD 593 Gregory the Great Dialogues 2.25 de Vogüé and Antin 1979 Latin Zimmerman 1959
Benedict [b] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 49 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Bernacus (Bernachius, Brenach, Brynach) of Nevern and the Dragon of Rome xii AD Vita S. Bernaci p. 6 Rees Rees 1853:5-12; BHL no. 1186. Latin
Brigid of Kildare and the dragon that attacks her nunnery ix AD [Chilienus/ Coelan of Inis-cealtra] (probably by Donatus of Fiesole) Vita iii S. Brigidae pp. 143, 153 AASS AASS Feb. i pp.141-55; BHL no. 1458 Latin
Caesarius of Arles and the dragon vision vi AD Cyprian of Toulon et al., Vita S. Caesarii Arelatensis 1.9, p. 460 MGH MGH Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum iii, pp.  433-501; Morin 1937-42:ii; BHL no. 1508 Latin Klingshirn 1994:1-70
Callinicus and the dragon of the Asclepius-statue at Apollonia xi AD or before Passio SS. Thyrsi, Leucii, Callinici p.823 AASS AASS Jan. ii p.817-24; BHL no. 8279 Latin
Caluppan and the Dragon of the Cantal AD 581-94 Gregory of Tours Liber vitae patrium 11.1 MGH Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum i.2, 259-60; BHL no. 1535 Latin DSS no. 150
Carantoc (Carantocus, Caradocus,  Cernathus Carannog) and the Dragon of Carhampton early xii AD Vita S. Carantoci §4, p.99 Rees, pp.144-6 Wade-Evans Rees 1853: 97-101; Wade-Evans 1944:142-7; BHL no. 1563 Latin Rees 1853:396-401; Wade-Evans 1944:142-7
Christina of Tyre/ Tyro/ Bolsena [a] and the serpents sent against her vi AD (lost Greek original); ix AD (surviving Latin versions thereof) Passio S. Christinae pp. 185-6 Cross and Tuplin (London version) and pp.200-1 (Turin version). Cross and Tuplin 1980; BHL no. 1749. Latin (after Greek)
Christina [b] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 98 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Clement of Metz [a] and the Dragon of Metz AD 782-6 Paul the Deacon Gesta episcoporum Mettensium coll. 711-13 PL PL xcv, 709-22; MGH Scriptores x, 534-544. Latin DSS no. 156
Clement [b] c. AD 1000 Vita I S. Clementis 4-7, pp. 8—10 Sauerland Sauerland 1896; BHL no. 1859 Latin
Clement [c] c. AD 1100 Vita II S. Clementis 12-21, pp. 497—502 Catalogus Catalogus codicum hagiographicorum Bibliothecae regiae Bruxellensis 1886-9. i.2 pp.486-502; BHL no. 1859 Latin
Clement [d] xii AD Vita III S. Clementis Paris BN lat. 16735 foll. 112r – 114v; Chazan 2000:29-30 (excerpts only) Latin
Columba (Cholmcille) and the Loch Ness Monster c. AD 700 Adamnan Life of St Columba 2.28 Anderson and Anderson 1961; BHL no. 1886. Latin Anderson and Anderson 1961
Constantine the Great and the Dragon of Revelation / Leviathan AD 340 Eusebius Vita Constantini 3.3 Winkelmann 1975 Greek Cameron and Hall 1999
Cosmas and Damian and the serpent swallowed by a peasant AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 143 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Crescenti(a)nus of Umbria and the Dragon of Tifernum xiv AD Acta S. Crescentini Martyris 1-2, p.59 AASS AASS Jun. i, pp.59-60; BHL no. 1983 Latin
Deodatus (Dié) of Blois [a] and the Dragon of Blois x AD Vita S. Deodati, AASS Apr. iii, 273 AASS Apr. iii, 273-4; BHL no. 2130 Latin
Deodatus [b] x AD Vita S. Deodati, AASS Apr. iii, p. 274 AASS Apr. iii, pp. 274-6; BHL no. 2128 Latin
Dominic (founder of the Order of Preachers) and the dragon vision xiii AD Bartholomaeus Tridentius Vita S. Dominici p. 560 AASS AASS Aug. i pp.559-61; BHL no. 2214 Latin
Domitianus of Maastricht [a] and the Dragon of Huy xii AD Vita S. Domitiani 4, p.147 AASS AASS May ii pp. 146-7; BHL nos. 2254-5 Latin
Domitianus [b] xii AD Vita S. Domitiani 8-9, p. 149 AASS AASS May ii pp. 147-52; BHL no. 2253 Latin
Donatus of Epirus [a] and the Dragon of Epirus earlier v AD Sozomen Ecclesiastical History 7.26 Bidez and Hansen 1960 Greek DSS no. 146
Donatus of Epirus [b] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 115 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Donatus of Sisteron (Jura) and the Dragon of the Jura Mountains xii AD or earlier Vita S. Donati 3-4, pp.309-10 Catalogus Catalogus 1889-93:i, 309-15; BHL no. 2310 Latin
Elisabeth of Thracian Heraclea (the Thaumaturge) [a] and the Dragon of Constantinople ix-x AD Vita S. Elisabet p.259 Halkin Halkin 1973; BHG (Sup.) no. 2121 Greek Karras 1996
Elisabeth [b] x AD Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae, Synaxarium mensis Aprilis Day 24 §1 Delehaye 1902 Greek
Eneco (Íñigo) of Oña and the Dragon of Oña xvi AD or before Acta S. Eneconis, pp.116-17 AASS AASS Jun. i, pp.111-26; BHL no. 2545 Latin
Erasmus of Antioch and the Jupiter-Dragon of Sirmium ix AD or before Passio S. Erasmi (reconstructed from several sources) 215-16 AASS Jun. i, p.213-17 Latin
Eucherius of Orleans [a] and the Charles-Martel Dragon AD 858 Epistola Synodi Carisiacensis ad Hludowicum regem Germaniae directa MGH Leges, Capitularia regum Francorum ii, pp. 432-3 Latin
Eucherius [b] after AD 1124 Miracula S. Prudentii p. 351 AASS AASS Oct. iii, 349-78; BHL no. 6979 Latin
Eudocia of Heliopolis and the Dragon of Heliopolis x AD or before Vita S. Eudociae §15, p. 885 AASS AASS Mar. i pp. 875-85; BHG no. 604 Greek
Euflamus (Efflam) of Brittany and the Dragon of Saint-Efflam xii AD Vita S. Euflami confessoris, pp.284-8 de la Borderie de la Borderie 1891:282-96; AASS, November iii, pp.134-8; BHL no. 2664 Latin
Eumenius of Gortyn and an unspecified dragon x AD Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae, Synaxarium mensis Septembris Day 18 §3 Delehaye 1902 Greek
Florentius of Valcastoria and the serpent host AD 593 Gregory the Great Dialogues 3.15.11–12 de Vogüé and Antin 1979 Latin DSS no. 153; Zimmerman 1959
Francisca (Francesca, Frances) of Rome and her dragon visions before AD 1440 Giovanni Mattiotti Acta S. Franciscae pp.106, 163-5 AASS Mar. ii pp.92-176; BHL no. 3094 Latin Muguet 1900
Fronto of Périgueux [a] and the Venus-Dragon at Périgueux; and the Dragon of Neuilly-Saint-Front; and the Dragon of the Road to Metz; and the Dragon of Limoges; and a coluber-dragon viii AD Vita S. Frontonis 9, pp. 351-2 Coens Coens 1930:343-60; BHL no. 3181t Latin
Fronto [b] later x AD [Gauzbert] Vita S. Frontonis 10, p. 357 Coens Coens 1957:351-65; BHL no. 3182d Latin
Fronto [c] xi AD [Sebald of Périgueux] Vita S. Frontonis, episcopi Petragoricensis pp.409, 411, 412 AASS Vita S. Frontonis, episcopi Petragoricensis, AASS Oct. xi pp. 407-14; BHL no. 3185 Latin
Gaudiosus of Salerno and the Dragon of Naples xvi AD or before Vita S. Gaudiosi p. 908 AASS AASS Oct. xi pp. 906-9; BHL no. 3281 Latin
George [a] and the Dragon of Lasia xi AD MS, Patriarchal Library, Jerusalem, cod. 2 Georgian Walter 2003:140-2 (English trans., after the intermediary Russian of Privalova 1977:73)
George [b] xii AD Miracula Sancti Georgii (Codex Romanus Angelicus 46), §12 Aufhauser 1911:52–69 Greek DSS no. 160
George [c] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 58 Graesse 1850 Latin DSS no. 161; Ryan 1993
George of Suelli in Sardinia and a serpent plague xii AD Vita S. Georgii episcopi Suellensis p.218 AASS AASS Apr. iii, pp.217-18; BHL no. 3410 Latin
Germanus (Germain) of Auxerre [a] and the Dragon of Trou Baligan xi-xii AD Vita S. Germani 4.12-13, p. 265 AASS AASS May i, 261-9. BHL no. 3452 Latin
Germanus [b] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 129 (Life of Mamertinus) Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Gildas of Rhuys [a] and the Dragon of Rome ix AD Vita i S. Gildae p.95 MGH

 

MGH Auctores Antiquissimi xiii.1, 91-106; BHL no. 3541 Latin DSS no. 141
Gildas [b] xi AD Vita ii S. Gildae p.184 Catalogus Catalogus 1889-93: ii, 182-91. Latin
Girardus of Anjou and the Dragon of Brossay c. AD 1153 Vita S. Girardi p.495 AASS AASS Nov. ii Pars i pp. 493-501; BHL no. 3548 Latin
Golinduch [a] and the Dragon of Babylon vi-vii AD Stephen of Hierapolis The Endurance and the Trial of the Blessed Gulanducht in Persia 9 Kekelidze 1955:197-250 Georgian Garitte 1956:426-40 (Latin)
Golinduch [b] vi-vii AD Eustratius Vita S. Golinduch 12-14 Papadopoulos-Kerameus 1897-98: iv, 149-174; v, 395-396; BHG no. 700-1 Greek (after Syriac)
Gregory the Great [a] and the Dragon of the Tiber flood AD 594 Gregory of Tours History of the Franks 10.1 (cf. 4.31) Krusch and Levison 1951 Latin Thorpe 1974
Gregory [b] viii AD Vita S. Gregorii Magni p.132 AASS AASS Mar. ii, p.130-7; BHL no. 3640 Latin
Gregory [c] ix AD John the Deacon Life of St Gregory 1.5.36-8, p.144 AASS AASS Mar. ii pp. 137-210; BHL no. 3641 Latin
Gudmund and a sea-dragon mid xiv Arngrímr Brandsson Guðmundar saga §62, p.129 Vigfusson and Sigurdsson Vigfusson and Sigurdsson 1858-78:ii.1-220 Old Norse
Guthlac and the viper-demons AD 730-40 Felix of Crowland, Life of Guthlac 4-8 Colgrave 1956; BHL no. 3723 Latin and Anglo-Saxon Colgrave 1956
Hermas and a vision of a ketos-dragon AD 130-50 Shepherd of Hermas vision 4 (4.1–3) Whittaker 1967 Greek Ehrman 2003:161-474
Hilarion [a] and the Dragon of Epidaurus in Dalmatia before AD 396 Jerome Life of St Hilarion 39 Bastiaensen 1975; BHL no. 3879 Latin DSS no. 143
Hilarion [b] AD 675-710 Aldhelm De virginitate (poetic version) p.387 Ehwald, lines 808-11 Ehwald, R., ed. MGH Auctores Antiquissimi xv, 350-471 Latin Lapidge and Rosier 1985
Hilarion [c] AD 675-710 Aldhelm De virginitate (prose version), pp.266-7 Ehwald Ehwald, R., ed. MGH Auctores Antiquissimi xv, 226-323 Latin Lapidge and Herren 2009
Hilarus of Galatea and the serpent-demon of the grapes vi AD Vita Hilari, §9, p.475 AASS AASS May iii, pp. 473-5; BHL no. 3913 Latin
Hilary of Poitiers [a] and the Serpents of Gallinaria late vi AD Venantius Fortunatus Vita S. Hilarii [Pictavensis] 35–8. MGH Auctores Antiquissimi iv.2, pp.1-7; BHL no. 3885 Latin DSS no.152
Hilary of Poitiers [b] AD 1263-7 Jacobus of Voragine Golden Legend 17 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Honoratus of Arles [a] and the Serpents of the Île Saint-Honorat before AD 449 Hilary of Arles Sermo de vita sancti Honorati episcopi Arelatensis  3.15, col. 1257 PL PL l [=50], 1249-72; AASS Jan. ii, pp. 17-24 Latin
Honoratus [b] xii AD? Vita S. Iacobi, Episcopi Tarentasiensis, pp.26-7 AASS AASS Jan. ii pp.26-8; PL clxiii, 1411—14; BHL no. 4112 Latin
Honoratus [c] c. AD 1300 Vita S. Honorati 1.22-3, 2.26 Marchant and Petit 1511 Latin Gayrard 2001:52-3 (part only)
Humiliana (Umiliana, Aemiliana) of Cerchi and the Devil-dragon mid xiii AD Vito of Cortona Vita S. Humilianae 2.20-1, pp. 391-2 AASS AASS Mai. iv pp. 385-400; BHL no. 4041 Latin
Hypatius and the dragon-demons c. AD 450 Callinicus Vita sancti Hypatii 28.19-23 Bartelink 1971; BHG no.760 Greek
James, apostle, the disciples thereof [a] and the Dragon of Galicia mid xii AD or earlier Liber S. Iacobi p.293 Whitehill Whitehill 1944:i, 289-99; BHL no. 4072 Latin
James, apostle, the disciples thereof [b] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 99 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Jesus [a] and the Jacob-biting viper ii-vi AD Infancy Gospel of Thomas 16.1–2 (A), p. 147 Tischendorf Tischendorf 1876 pp. 140-63 Greek Elliot 1993:68-83
Jesus [b] viii-ix AD Gospel of Ps.-Matthew 18,

p. 81 Tischendorf

Tischendorf 1876 pp. 51-112 Latin Elliot 1993:84-99
Joannicius of Bithynia [a] and the Dragon of Prusa; and the Dragon of Thasion; and the Dragon of the river Gorgytes (and its echidna-consort); and a cave-viper AD 846 Peter the Monk Life of Joannicius 

pp.400-1, 405-6, 407-8, 412 AASS

AASS Nov. ii pars I pp.384-436; BHG no. 936 Greek
Joannicius [b] before AD 860 Sabas Life of Joannicius pp.343-4, 354-5, 360-1 AASS AASS Nov. ii Pars i pp.343-384; BHG no. 935 Greek
John, apostle [a] and the Drusiana-serpent c. AD 150-80 Acts of John 71-86 Lipsius and Bonnet 1891–1903:ii.1, 151-216; BHG nos. 899-915 Greek Elliot 1993:303-46
John, apostle [b] c. AD 1000 Hrotsvitha Comoediae sex, iii. Callimachus Berschin 2001;

PL cxxxvii, coll. 1001-14

Latin St John 1923; Bonfante 2013
John the Baptist [a] and the Dragon of Antioch; and flying dragons x AD Theodore Daphnopates Oratio in translationem manus S. Praecursoris Antiochia Constantinopolin 12-13, pp.617-18 Migne PG cxi, 611-20 Latin (after Greek)
John the Baptist [b] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 86 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
John of Reomay (Reomaus, Réome) and the Dragon of Moutiers-Saint-Jean AD 659 Jonas Vita S. Johannis Monachi et Abbatis Reomaensis pp.507-8 MGH MGH Scriptorum rerum Merovingicarum iii pp.506-17; BHL no. 4434 Latin
John Parvus/ Colobus and a dragon vision xii AD or before Narratiuncula rhythmica, appendix, AASS Oct. viii p.48 AASS Oct. viii pp.47-9; BHL no. 4383 Latin
Julian of le Mans and the Dragon of Artinas c. A 1000 Létald de Micy, Vita S. Iuliani p.765 AASS AASS Jan. ii p.762-7; BHL no. 4544 Latin
Julian Sabas and a desert dragon mid v AD Theodoret History of the Monks of Syria 2.6 Canivet and Leroy-Molinghen 1979; BHG  no. 969 Greek Price 1985
Keyne (Keane, Cain, Ceinwen, etc.) and the Dragon of Keynsham xiv AD or before Vita S. Keynae p.277 AASS AASS Oct. iv pp.276-7; BHL no. 4653 Latin
Leo IV, Pope [a] and the Dragon/Basilisk of Rome before c. AD 939 Vita S. Leonis p.110 Duchesne Duchesne 1892:ii,106-39. Latin
Leo IV, Pope [b] c. AD 939 Flodoard of Rheims De Christi triumphis apud Italiam pp.816-17 PL PL cxxxv, 595-886. Latin
Leo of Cava and the Dragon of Cava xii AD Vita S. Leonis p.461 AASS AASS Jul. iii, 460-1; BHL no. 4840 Latin
Lifard / Liphardus of Meung-sur-Loire [a] and the Dragon of Meung-sur-Loire ix AD Vita SS. Lifardi et Urbitii 5-8, pp. 300-1 AASS AASS June i, 300-2; BHL no. 4931 Latin
Machutus (Malo, Maclou, Machutes, Maclovius) of Alet and the Dragon of September Island AD 866-72 Bili, Vita S. Machutis pp. 38-40 Yerkes Yerkes 1984; BHL  no. 5116

 

 

Latin
Maglorius (Magloire) of Dol and the Dragon of Jersey ix-x AD Miracula S. Maglorii pp.308-10 Catalogus Catalogus 1889-93:iii, 308-12; BHL nos. 5139-43 Latin
Magnus (Magnoaldus) of Füssen [a] and the Dragon of Kempten c. AD 895 Vita S. Magni Faucensis vetus pp.144-8 Walz (= AASS Sept. ii, 749) Walz 1989; AASS Sept. ii, pp. 735-58; BHL no. 5162 Latin
Magnus [b] AD 1067-70 Otloh of Saint-Emmeram, Vita S. Magni confessoris §16, pp. 205-7 Coens Coens 1963; BHL no. 5163 Latin
Mamilianus of Palermo [a] and the Dragon of Montecristo vii-viii AD Vita Senzii, AASS Mai. vi, pp.71-2 Vita Senzii, AASS May vi, pp.71-3; BHL no. 7581 Latin
Mamilianus [b] xii AD or before Vita S. Mamiliani (summary at p.49 AASS) AASS Sep. v pp.45-55 (summary only); BHL no. 5204d Latin
Marcellus of Paris and a tomb dragon late vi AD Venantius Fortunatus Life of Bishop Marcellus of Paris 10, pp.53-4 MGH MGH Auctores Antiquissimi iv.2, 49-54; BHL no. 5248 Latin DSS no. 151
Marcian and a vestibule dragon mid v AD Theodoret History of the Monks of Syria 3.7 Canivet and Leroy-Molinghen 1979 Greek Price 1985
Margaret of Pisidian Antioch (a.k.a. Marina) [a] and the Rufus Dragon AD 815-20 (based on an earlier text) Martyrium of St Marina pp.24-7, 29 Usener Usener 1886; BHG no. 1165 Greek DSS no. 158 (part)
Margaret [b] early ix or before Passio S. Margaritae virginis et martyris 12-14, p.192 Mombritius; pp. 204-7 Clayton and Magennis Mombritius 1910:ii, 190-6; Clayton and Magennis 1994:194-218; BHL no. 5303 Latin Clayton and Magennis 1994:194-218
Margaret [c] mid ix AD or before Old English Life of St Margaret (Cotton Tiberius A iii) 11-14 Clayton and Magennis 1994:112-39 Anglo-Saxon Clayton and Magennis 1994:112-39
Margaret [ d] x AD Passion of St Margaret (‘The Rebdorf passio’) AASS Jul. v pp. 37-8 AASS Jul. v pp. 33-9; BHL no. 5308 Latin
Margaret [e] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 93 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Margaret [f] c. AD 1380 Margretar saga 5; i, p. 478 Unger Unger 1877:i, p.474-81 Norse Pálsson and Edwards 1985
Martha [a] and the Tarasque AD 1187 [Marcilia] Vita S. Marthae pp.235-6 Mombritius Mombritius 1910:ii.231-40; Dumont 1951:150-4; BHL nos. 5545-6 Latin
Martha [b] late xii AD [Harbanus Maurus] Vita beatae Mariae Magdalenae et sororis eius Marthae 40-1, coll. 1497-8 PL. PL cxii, 1431-1508; Dumont 1951:166-7; BHL no. 5508 Latin Mycoff 1989
Martha [c] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 105 Graesse 1850; Dumont 1951:150-4 Latin Ryan 1993
Martha [d] AD 1264 Vincent de Beauvais Speculum historiale 10.99 de Beauvais 1473; Dumont 1951:150-4 Latin
Martin of Tours [a] and a river-crossing serpent c. AD 400 Sulpicius Severus Dialogues 3.9, coll 217 PL PL xx, coll. 183-222 Latin
Martin [b] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 166 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Mary, Virgin [a] and the Satan-Dragon iv AD History of the Blessed Virgin Mary i pp. 44-45, ii pp. 51-2 Budge Budge 1899:i Syriac Budge 1899:ii
Mary [b] vi-vii AD (for the Syriac archetype) Arabic Infancy Gospel 33-4 Provera 1973 Arabic (after Syriac) Roberts et al. 1886
Matthew, apostle [a] and the serpents of Zaroes and Arphaxat late vi AD Ps.-Abdias Historia apostolica at ii 638, 642-4 Fabricius Fabricius 1719; BHL no. 5690 Latin
Matthew [b] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 140 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Matthew [c] xv AD Acta S. Matthaei pp. 221-2 AASS AASS Sep. vi pp.220-25 Latin
Maurus of Syria and the Dragon of the river Narco viii AD (?) Vita beati Mauri Syri et Felicis eius filii apud Vallem Narci prope Naris ripam 5-8, pp. 132-5 Susi Susi 1995:130-6; BHL no. 5791m Latin
Mewan (Mevennus, Maianus, Men, Méen) of Brittany and the Dragon of Anjou x-xi AD Vita S. Mevenni 16-17, pp.153-4 Plaine Plaine 1884; BHL no. 5944 Latin
Michael, archangel [a] and the Dragon of Mt Garganus; and the Dragon of Mons Tumba and the Dragon of Southern Asia ix-x AD Homiliary of St Père pp.33-4 Cross Cross 1986; Rauer 2000:158-61 Latin Rauer 2000:158-61
Michael [b] xi AD Leabhar Breac Homily no. xvi (‘On the Archangel Michael’) pp. 213-19 Atkinson Atkinson 1887:ii, 213-19 Old Irish Atkinson 1887:ii, 453-4
Michael [c] c. AD 1000 Apparitio S. Michaelis in Monte Tumba Poncelet 1910:369; AASS Sept. viii, pp. 76-8; BHL no. 5951 Latin
Modestinus and the Dragon of Campania AD 1613 Filippo Ferrari Catalogus sanctorum Italiae in Menses duodecim distributus p.98 (Feb. 14) Ferrari 1613; cf. AASS Feb. ii, p.900 Latin
Monegundis and the stomach serpents late vi AD Gregory of Tours, Liber vitae partum 19.3 p.289 MGH MGH Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum i.2, 211-94 Latin James 1991
Myron of Crete [a] and the Dragon of

Raucia

x AD Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae, August, Day 8, §3 Delehaye 1902 Greek
Myron [b] xiv AD Epitome, Vita S. Myronis p.345 AASS AASS, Aug. ii pp. 344-5; BHG no. 1312 Greek

 

Narcissus of Gerundum (Girona) and the Dragon of Augsburg c. AD 770 Conversio et passio ii

S. Afrae 7, p. 60 MGH

Krusch ed., MGH Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum, iii, 55-64; BHL no. 109 Latin DSS no. 155
Neventerius and Derien and the Basilisk-dragon of the river Élorn 1637 AD Albert le Grande Vie de S. Riok 2-5 Thomas and Abgrall 1901:40-2 French  –
Nicasius, Quirinus and Scuviculus/ Scubiculus and the Dragon of Vaux earlier xi AD Passio SS. Nicasii episcopi,Quirini presbyteri, Scuviculi diaconi cc.2-5, pp.629-30 de Smedt de Smedt et al. 1982; BHL no. 6082 Latin
Nicholas of Myra and the sea-dragon c. AD 1340 Niklaus saga erkibiskups pp.57-9 Unger Unger 1877:ii.21-158 Old Norse –            
Parasceve of Sicily and the Dragon of Acireale viii AD John of Euboea, Passio S. Parascevae 8-9 Halkin 1966; BHG no. 1420p Greek
Paris of Teano and the Dragon of Teano AD 1533 or before Vita S. Paris p.75 AASS AASS Aug. ii pp.74-8; BHL no. 6466  
Patrick [a] and the Serpents of Ireland AD 1187 Gerald of Wales Topographia Hibernica 1.28 Brewer, Dimock and Warner 1861-9:v Latin DSS no. 159
Patrick [b] AD 1200-10 Jocelin of Furness Vita S. Patricii §148, p. 574 AASS AASS Mar. ii, pp. 540-80; BHL no. 6513 Latin DSS no. 159
Patrick [c] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 50 Graesse 1850 Latin DSS no. 159; Ryan 1993
Paulus Aurelianus of Léon (Pol de Léon) [a] and the Dragon of the Isle of Battha

(Batz)

AD 884 Wrmonoc, Vita S. Pauli Aureliani 18.52-6, pp. 245-8 Plaine Plaine 1882; BHL no. 6585 Latin
Paulus Aurelianus [b] 1637 AD Albert le Grand Vie de S. Jaoua 6-11 Thomas and Abgrall 1901:52-6 French
Paulus Simplex (Haplos) and a dragon-demon in the Egyptian Desert AD 419-20 Palladius Historia Lausiaca (recension G) 22.9-13 Bartelink 1974 Greek Clarke 1918
Paulus and Juliana of Nicomedia and the serpents of the sorcerers xiv AD Martyrium of Paulus and Juliana 13-15, pp.8-9 Trautmann and Klostermann Trautmann and Klostermann 1934;

BHG no. 964.

Greek
Pavacius of le Mans and the Dragon of le Mans ix AD Vita S. Pavacii cc.5-7, pp.541 AASS AASS Jul. v, 540-3; BHL no. 6602 Latin
Peregrinus and the Dragon of Caltabellotta xvi AD or before Vita S. Peregrini, pp.1153-4 AASS AASS Jan. ii pp.1153-4; BHL no. 6626 Latin
Perpetua and the dragon-vision AD 203 Passion of Sts Perpetua and Felcitias 4.3–9 Heffernan 2012; BHL no. 6633; cf. BHG no.1482 Latin DSS no. 129; Heffernan 2012; Gold 2018:165-74
Peter of Athos and his vision of a dragon and its serpent army xiii-xiv AD Gregorius Palamas Orationes asceticae Oration 2.23 Chrestou 1992:157-260

 

Greek
Petroc (Pedrog) [a] and the Dragon of Cornwall xii AD or before Vita S. Petroci antiquior §10, pp.493-4 Grosjean Grosjean 1956b; BHL no. 6639 Latin
Petroc [b] xiv AD or earlier Vita S. Petroci pp.157-8 Grosjean; p.383 AASS Grosjean 1956a; Acta Sanctorum Jun. i, 391-4. BHL no. 6640 Latin
Philip, apostle [a] and the Echidna and the Dragons of Ophyorhyme; and the Dragon of Scythia mid to late iv AD Acts of Philip 8, 11, 13-15, Martyrion of Philip 2, 7, 12-20, 24-8, 32, 39, 42. Amsler et al.1999; BHG nos. 1516-26 Greek DSS no. 134; Bovon and Matthews 2012; Amsler et al. 1996 (French)
Philip [b] late vi AD Ps.-Abdias Historia Apostolica at ii 738-40 Fabricius Fabricius 1719; BHL no. 6814 Latin DSS no. 135
Philip [c] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 65 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Polyxena and the dragon vision mid iii AD (?) Acts of Xanthippe and Polyxena 22 James 1893-7:ii.58-85 Greek Craigie 1880
Portianus and the wine serpent late vi AD Gregory of Tours, Liber vitae partum 5.2 p.228 MGH MGH Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum i.2, 211-94 Latin James 1991
Rofillus (Rufillus, Rophilus) of Forlimpopoli [a] and the Dragon of Forlimpopoli xi AD Vita Rophili seu Rufilli episcopi 2.11-14, pp.381-2 AASS AASS Jul. iv 379-82; BHL no. 7283 Latin
Rofillus [b] xi AD Vita S. Mercurialis p.756 AASS AASS Apr. iii, pp.752-7. BHL no. 5932 [misprinted as 5032] Latin
Romanus (Romain) of Rouen [a] and the Gargouille AD 1394 ‘Inquiry’ cited at Floquet 1833:i, 10-11. Floquet 1833:i French
Romanus [b] AD 1609 Rigault 1609, Introduction Rigault 1609 (neo-)Latin
Samson of Dol [a] and the Dragon of Trigg; and the Dragon of Brittany; and the Dragon of the Pentale Monastery at St-Samson-sur-Risle; and of a fourth dragon vii-viii AD Vita i S. Samsonis 1.48-51, 58-60, pp.218-20, 230-32 Flobert Flobert 1997; BHL nos. 7478-9

 

Latin Taylor 1925; DSS no. 154 (part)
Samson [b] mid ix AD Vita ii S. Samsonis pp.109-11, 128-30, 144-5 Plaine Plaine 1887; BHL nos. 7480-4 Latin Rauer 2000:151-9 (part)
Samson [c] xii AD or before Vita S. Teliavi pp. 440-1 Loth Loth 1893-4; cf. Loth 1894-5; BHL no. 7997 Latin
Samson [d] xii AD or before Book of Llan Dâv, Vita S. Samsonis pp.20-1 Evans and Rhys Evans and Rhys 1893:6-24 Latin
Samson [e] AD 1107-30 Baudri (Balderic) of Bourgeuil Vita S. Samsonis fols. 47v-50r, 77r-80r, 99v-101v Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, lat. 5350 fols. 1-105 (unedited MS); BHL 7486 Latin
Senán and the Péist of Inis Cathaig early xv AD The Book of Lismore ll.2194-27, pp.66-7 Stokes (text), pp.213-14 (trans.) Stokes 1890 Irish Stokes 1890
Senzius and the Dragon of Blerana vii-viii AD Vita Senzii, AASS May vi, pp.72-3 Vita Senzii, AASS May vi, pp. 71-3; BHL no. 7581 Latin
Servanus (Serf, Serbán) and the Dragon of Dunning AD 1510 Aberdeen Breviary p.58 AASS AASS Jul. i, pp.57-8. BHL no. 7610 Latin
Servulus of Trieste [a] xii AD of before Passio beatissimi Christi martyris Servuli Tergestinae civitatis ac diocesis lectio ii Kandler 1847, part iv (Atti dei santi martiri Tergestini: unpaginated); BHL no. 7642 Latin
Servulus [b] and the Dragon of Trieste AD 1493 Petrus de Natalibus Catalogus sanctorum et gestorum eorum book v §36 Petrus de Natalibus 1493; cf. BHL no. 7642 Latin
Severinus, bishop of Amiterno and a dragon vision xvi AD or before Vita S. Severini AASS Jan. i p.1105 AASS Jan. i p.1103-7; BHL no. 7664  Latin
Silvester [a] and the Dragon of Rome late iv AD Acts of Silvester (A) 1 Pohlkamp 1983; BHL nos. 7725-42 Latin DSS no. 136
Silvester [b] c. AD 500 Acts of Silvester (B) 1 Duchesne 1897; BHL no. 7743 Latin DSS no. 136
Silvester [c] AD 675-710 Aldhelm De virginitate (poetic version) p.376 Ehwald, lines 545-556 Ehwald, R., ed. MGH Auctores Antiquissimi xv, 350-471 Latin Lapidge and Rosier 1985
Silvester [d] AD 675-710 Aldhelm De virginitate (prose version), pp.257-8 Ehwald Ehwald, R., ed. MGH Auctores Antiquissimi xv, 226-323 Latin Lapidge and Herren 2009
Silvester [e] AD 1263-7 Jacobus de Voragine Golden Legend 12 Graesse 1850 Latin Ryan 1993
Simeon Stylites [a] and the dragon that attacks his pillar; and the dragon that he heals shortly after AD 459 Life of Simeon Stylites pp.529-30, 548-50 Bedjan 1894:507-644; BHO no. 1121 Syriac Lent 1915
Simeon Stylites [b] c. AD 830 Antonius Vita S. Simeonis Stylitae, PL 73, col. 330 (= AASS Jan. i p.271) Antonius Vita S. Simeonis Stylitae, PL 73, coll. 325-33 (= AASS Jan. i pp. 269-74); BHL no. 7957 Latin Waddell 1934:22-3
Siward and the Dragon of Orkney xii-xiii AD William of Ramsey (?), Vita S. Waldevi pp.104-7 Michel Michel 1836-40:i, 104-20; BHL 8778 Latin Rauer 2000:163-5 (part only)
Syrus (Cyr) of Genoa and the Basilisk of Genoa v AD, perhaps with post-xi AD accretions Vita Syri Genuensis episcopi et confessoris pp.549-50 Mombritius Mombritius 1910:ii, pp. 549-51; BHL no. 7973 Latin
Theodore Tyron/ Tiron/ Teron/ Stratelates/ of Euchaita/ of Heraclea [a] and the Dragon of

Euchaita; and the Dragon of King Samuel’s City

soon after AD 754 (Walter 1999:167-8, 2003a:47); x-xi AD (Delehaye 1909:33, Haldon 2016:39-41) Βίος πρὸ τοῦ μαρτυρίου καὶ ἡ ἐκ παιδὸς ἀναγωγή τε καὶ αὔξησις καὶ θαύματα ἐξαίσια τοῦ ἁγίου καὶ πανενδόξου μεγαλομάρτυρος Θεοδώρου §§4-5, pp.187-90 Delehaye Delehaye 1909:183-201 (App. v); AASS Nov. iv, pp.49-55; BHG no. 1764 Greek Haldon 2016:92-111
Thedore [b] late ix AD or before Μαρτύριον τοῦ ἁγίου μεγαλομάρτυρος Θεοδώρου τοῦ στρατηλάτου §§3-6, pp.153-6 Delehaye Delehaye 1909:151-67 (App. iii); BHG no. 1751 Greek
Theodore [c] Late ix AD or before Augarus/Abgar Acts of Theodore §§3-6 van Hooff 1883; BHG no. 1750 Greek
Theodore [d] c. AD 871 Bonitus Life of Theodore pp.31-3 AASS AASS Feb. ii pp.30-8; BHL no. 8086 Latin
Theodore [e] Text originally vi-vii AD, but dragon episode a later interpolation, before AD 890 (Delehaye 1909:19, 25-6, Haldon 2016:20, 28-30, 40) Martyrium of St Theodore Tiron p.127 Delehaye Delehaye 1909:127-35 (App. i); Hengstenberg 1912; BHG no. 1762d Greek Haldon 2016:83-9
Theodore [f] later x AD Μαρτύριον τοῦ ἁγίου μεγαλομάρτυρος Θεοδώρου τοῦ Τήρωνος §3, pp.137-8 Delehaye Delehaye 1909:136-50 (App. ii); BHG no. 1763 Greek
Theodore [g] c. AD 980-1010 Nikephoros Ouranos Vita Theodori 6-10 Halkin 1962 = Halkin 1974 no.9; BHG no. 1762m Greek
Theodore [h] xiv AD or before Θαῦμα καὶ διήγησις τοῦ ἁγίου καὶ ἐνδόξου μεγαλομάρτυρος τοῦ Θεοδώρου Τήρωνος περὶ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ τῆς αἰχμαλωτισθείσης ὑπὸ τοῦ δράκοντος AASS Nov. iv pp.46-8; BHG no. 1766 Greek
Thomas, apostle and the Dragon of India later ii AD Acts of Thomas 30–3 Lipsius and Bonnet 1891-1903:ii.2, 99-291; Klijn 1962; BHG no. 1800 Greek DSS no. 131; Elliot 1993:439-511; cf. Klijn 2003 (trans. of parallel Syriac version).
Thomas Defourkinos and the Dragon of the river Sangarius xii AD Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae, Synaxarium mensis Decembris, Day 10, §2, Recension M, coll. 295-8 Delehaye Delehaye 1902 Greek
Timothy of Prusa [a] and the Dragon of Prusa x AD Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae, Synaxarium mensis Junii, Day 10, §1, coll. 741-2 Delehaye Delehaye 1902 Greek
Timothy [b] xiv AD Synaxarium Chiffletianum seu Divionense, extract at AASS Jun. ii p. 274 AASS Jun. ii p. 273-5 Greek
Tudual (Tutgual, Tugual, Tutwal, Tual) of Treguier and the Dragon of Treguier xii AD Vita iii S. Tuguali 7, p.27 de la Borderie de la Borderie 1887: 21-45; BHL no. 8353 Latin
Venerius of Tino (Tyro) and the Dragon of Luni early xv AD Vita S. Venerii, Eremitae in Tyro Majore p.116 AASS AASS Sept. iv, pp.115-20. BHL no. 8535 Latin
Veranus (Veran, Voran, Vrain) of Cavaillon and the Dragon of the Fontaine de Vaucluse spring; and the Dragon of Albingaunum ix-xi AD Vita S. Verani 15-16, pp.467, 468-9 AASS AASS Oct. viii, 467-70; BHL no. 8536. Latin
Victor of Marseilles and the Dragon of Marseilles AD 1474 Hans von Waltheym, Pilgerfahrt  p.45 Welti Welti 1925 German
Victoria [a] and the Dragon of Trebula c. AD 500 Passio S. Victoriae 5-7, pp. 158-9 Delehaye Delehaye et al. 1883; BHL no. 8591 Latin DSS no. 147
Victoria [b] AD 675-710 Aldhelm De virginitate (poetic version) pp. 450-1 Ehwald, lines 2385-2415 Ehwald, R., ed. MGH Auctores Antiquissimi xv, 350-471 Latin Lapidge and Rosier 1985
Victoria [c] AD 675-710 Aldhelm De virginitate (prose version), pp.308-9 Ehwald Ehwald, R., ed. MGH Auctores Antiquissimi xv, 226-323 Latin Lapidge and Herren 2009
Vigor of Bayeux and the Dragon of the Cerisy Forest AD 1030-45 Vita S. Vigoris pp.300-1 AASS Vita S. Vigoris, AASS November i, pp.297-305; BHL nos. 8608-11 Latin
Vindemialis and the Dragon of Vado xii AD or before Vita S. Florentii et S. Vindemialis p.272 AASS AASS Mai. i, 271-2; BHL no. 3053 Latin