New funded project: Data Science for Climate Resilience in East Africa

Rudy Arthur won a grant under the AI for Climate Action call from the Turing Institute. Climate change and ecological degradation are already affecting poor and vulnerable people across the world and demand immediate action. This project will apply data science and machine learning techniques to link satellite imaging to rich datasets held by two community-led organisations in rural East Africa; The International Small-Group and Tree Planting Program (TIST) and The Northern Rangelands Trust (NRT). The aim is to understand the socio-ecological mechanisms that promote resilience to climate change and to demonstrate the utility of machine learning and AI for monitoring the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and help drive future growth and expansion of TIST.

TIST Program Growth around Mount Kenya from 2005-2019 from TIST Program on Vimeo.

New paper: Utilizing Complex Networks for Event Detection in Heterogeneous High-Volume News Streams.

Iraklis presented his work on network-based event detection using real-time news streams at the recent Complex Networks conference in Lisbon. The paper can be found here:

Moutidis, I. and Williams, H.T.P. (2019) Utilizing Complex Networks for Event Detection in Heterogeneous High-Volume News Streams. Complex Networks and Their Applications VIII, pp 659-672.

Abstract: Detecting important events in high volume news streams is an important task for a variety of purposes. The volume and rate of online news increases the need for automated event detection methods that can operate in real time. In this paper we develop a network-based approach that makes the working assumption that important news events always involve named entities (such as persons, locations and organizations) that are linked in news articles. Our approach uses natural language processing techniques to detect these entities in a stream of news articles and then creates a time-stamped series of networks in which the detected entities are linked by co-occurrence in articles and sentences. In this prototype, weighted node degree is tracked over time and change-point detection used to locate important events. Potential events are characterized and distinguished using community detection on KeyGraphs that relate named entities and informative noun-phrases from related articles. This methodology already produces promising results and will be extended in future to include a wider variety of complex network analysis techniques.