Briefing papers

BP 1 – Agency in Evolution

Briefing Paper 1 describes the evolution of UNRWA’s mandate from its establishment in 1949 to the present day. It focuses on the questions of economic integration and refugee protection within the mandate alongside UNRWA’s funding model and outlines the attitudes of the UN General Assembly towards the UNRWA.

BP 2 – US and UNRWA

Briefing Paper 2 analyses the nature of the United States of America’s relationship with UNRWA over the past decade. It highlights the conditions of American funding to UNRWA and the monitoring requirements which UNRWA must satisfy. It summarises the funding cuts made by the Donald Trump administration and outlines the early prospects for the relationship in the Biden administration.

BP 3 – UNRWA and WHO

Briefing Paper 3 compares the World Health Organisation with UNRWA. It takes as its focus points the mandate, size, and budget of the two organisations and analyses the relationship between the two agencies as a whole.

BP 4 – Comparing UNRWA to INGOs

Briefing Paper 4 compares three international non-governmental organisations (World Vision, Save the Children and Oxfam) to UNRWA. It focuses on their mandate, size, budget, structure, and impact. Additionally, there is a case study comparing a different health programme run by each organisation, in terms of budget, size and impact.

BP 5 – Criticisms 1 – UNRWA Perpetuates the Israel-Palestine Conflict?

Briefing Paper 5 examines the criticisms of UNRWA usually made from an Israeli perspective, building from the headline accusation that UNRWA perpetuates the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It outlines the commonly proposed solution which follows this criticism of dismantling UNRWA and giving its duties to the UNHCR and assesses the veracity of the arguments overall.

BP 6 – Criticisms 2 – UNRWA the Pacifier? 

Briefing Paper 6 examines the criticisms of UNRWA usually made from a Palestinian perspective, particularly surrounding the accusations that UNRWA does not do enough to help Palestinians and that it operates as a palliative rather than finding a solution to the problem. It outlines some of the causes of these criticisms and some assessment of their validity.

BP 7 – UNRWA and the Arab Gulf States

Briefing Paper 7 examines the relationship of UNRWA with the Arab Gulf States of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman, and Kuwait. It tracks the relationship between the Gulf States and Israel and shows the links between the Gulf Countries and Palestinian Refugees, before charting the contributions of the Gulf States to UNRWA’s budget from 2014 to 2020.